Ultimatum, English

   A painful and, for Portugal, embarrassing, diplomatic incident with Great Britain during the "Scramble for Africa." On 11 January 1890, England presented the Lisbon government with an ultimatum stating that, unless Portugal withdrew her armed forces from what is today a section of Malawi in central east Africa, Britain would consider breaking the ancient Anglo- Portuguese Alliance and would dispatch naval units to Mozambique and possibly to Portugal itself. The center of the conflict was disputed claims over an area to the west of northern Mozambique, a region in which Britain claimed to have special interests. Portugal requested international arbitration of the dispute, but London refused and presented the ultimatum. At the time, Portugal had an armed force in the disputed sector and was claiming sovereignty.
   The English Ultimatum led to the fall of the Lisbon government of the day, which gave in and withdrew Portugal's forces, as well as to unprecedented public agitation over the question. The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance came under great strain, although it was mended and renewed with the 1899 Treaty of Windsor. The monarchy was badly damaged by the national humiliation, and the Republican Party gained supporters. Portugal's current national anthem, A Portuguesa, was inspired by it.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ultimatum — UK [ˌʌltɪˈmeɪtəm] / US noun [countable] Word forms ultimatum : singular ultimatum plural ultimatums a statement that orders someone to do something and threatens to punish or attack them if they do not Their ultimatum expires at midnight. give… …   English dictionary

  • ultimatum — [[t]ʌ̱ltɪme͟ɪtəm[/t]] ultimatums N COUNT An ultimatum is a warning to someone that unless they act in a particular way, action will be taken against them. They issued an ultimatum to the police to rid an area of racist attackers, or they will… …   English dictionary

  • ultimatum — ul·ti·ma·tum || ‚ʌltɪ meɪtÉ™m n. final condition or demand the rejection of which may lead to the use of force …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ultimatum — /ʌltəˈmeɪtəm / (say ultuh maytuhm) noun (plural ultimatums or ultimata /ʌltəˈmeɪtə/ (say ultuh maytuh)) 1. the final terms of one of the parties in a diplomatic relationship, the rejection of which by the other party may involve a rupture of… …   Australian English dictionary

  • ultimatum — n. (pl. ultimatums or ultimata) a final demand or statement of terms by one party, the rejection of which by another could cause a breakdown in relations, war, or an end of cooperation etc. Etymology: L neut. past part.: see ULTIMATE …   Useful english dictionary

  • upon expiration of the ultimatum — when the ultimatum is null and void, when the time that has been pre determined passes …   English contemporary dictionary

  • expiration of the ultimatum — time that was defined in advance as the last date upon which to fulfill the demands …   English contemporary dictionary

  • the ultimatum has expired — time allowed to fulfill requirements has run out …   English contemporary dictionary

  • The Bourne Ultimatum (film) — Infobox Film name = The Bourne Ultimatum caption = Theatrical poster director = Paul Greengrass producer = Patrick Crowley Frank Marshall writer = Screenplay: Tony Gilroy Scott Z. Burns George Nolfi Tom Stoppard (uncredited) Story: Tony Gilroy… …   Wikipedia

  • District 13: Ultimatum — French promotional poster Directed by Patrick Alessandrin Produced by Luc Besson …   Wikipedia

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